Help us continue to fight human rights abuses. Please give now to support our work. Download summary and recommendations in Arabic. Download summary and recommendations in Portuguese. Download summary and recommendations in Turkish. Biological sex : the biological classification of bodies as male or female based on factors including external sex organs, internal sexual and reproductive organs, hormones, or chromosomes. Gay : a synonym for homosexual in English and some other languages, sometimes used to describe only males who are attracted primarily to other males. Gender-based violence : violence directed against a person on the basis of gender or perceived sexual orientation. Gender-based violence can include sexual violence, domestic violence, psychological abuse, sexual exploitation, sexual harassment, harmful traditional practices, and discriminatory practices based on gender.
The ages of consent around the world
You can get married as young as nine in Iran but men have to wait till they’re 22 to tie the knot in China. On Friday, the Spanish government announced it was to raise the marriage age from 14 to 16 to bring it into line with the rest of Europe. Estonia now has the lowest marriage age in Europe with teenagers able to get hitched at 15 with parental approval. Globally, the average legal age of marriage for boys is 17 and 16 for girls but many countries permit them, particularly girls, to marry much younger.
Several places, including the state of Massachusetts in the United States, allow girls as young as 12 to get married in “exceptional circumstances” with the consent of a judge.
subject to the laws of Iran except in cases which the law has excepted. special part only in such normal ways as not to interfere with the rights of the other. marriage act, the wife have the right to refuse to have any sexual relations with him.
Metrics details. Parents play an important role in promoting the sexual health of their adolescents. However, many parents experience several challenges. The purpose of this study was to explore the concerns and educational needs of Iranian parents regarding the sexual health of their male adolescents. This qualitative study was designed based on the conventional content analysis approach. All interviews were audio recorded and transcribed verbatim. The data were collected through purposeful sampling and continued until data saturation.
Finally, the Graneheim and Landman strategies were used to analyze data. The findings highlighted the need for sexuality health education through cooperation with schools for offering appropriate education to the students, parents, and school staffs.
Context: Sexual dysfunction is a health problem; but there is no comprehensive review on this subject in Iran. Objectives: By reviewing recent studies, this systematic review was performed to estimate the prevalence rate of sexual dysfunction in Iranian general population. Moreover, hand searching the key journals and reviewing the references of included articles were done. Data Extraction: Data were extracted independently by two observers using a researcher-made checklist.
Results: 23 studies were finally evaluated. Most of the articles did not have acceptable standard quality.
Based on those 11 studies, it was reported that average sexual desire disorder, found large differences in the age of participants, definition of sexual disorder.
Descriptive data suggested that young Iranian women do not endorse traditional and religious practices in marriage and long-term relationships as strongly as previously thought. Results were mostly in line with the hypotheses. Overall, the relationships between the study variables provided support for the similarity hypothesis and the notion of modernization of Iran. Limitations and future directions are discussed. In most mammals including humans, there are robust sex differences in the minimal amount of energy and effort necessary to reproduce Clutton-Brock In comparison, men spend much less energy to reproduce.
While it might take few minutes for men to copulate to produce an offspring, women are burdened with a long gestational period of time followed by years or months of lactation to produce and rear that same offspring.
Iran plays matchmaker to fight marriage fatigue
The origin of direct relationships between males and females in Iranian culture is relatively new and started with other modernization processes that took place at the end of the 19th century. Before then, religion and tradition governed all such relationships and there was no question of males and females openly dating or socializing with such intentions.
Veiling kept women at home and they became totally inaccessible to other males. Sexuality was controlled and carefully confined to the home and was male oriented. For women it was only a matter of reproduction and with the wealthy polygamy and the young concubines often in the same household satisfied the male appetite for sexual pleasure.
Our mission, dating back more than Iran’s current age structure is mature As Iran’s youth bulge dissipates and the country’s median age increases, the.
By David Blair. Throughout their lives, Iranian women are forced to navigate a web of restrictions, imposed by law and custom. Every aspect of their existence — from how they must dress in public, to the subjects they can study at university and the jobs they are allowed to do in the workplace — is closely regulated.
An example was highlighted last week, when a female football star in Iran was banned from travelling to an international tournament by her husband. He refused to sign papers allowing her to renew her passport, meaning she was unable to play in the Asian Cup. The system is not necessarily finished with a woman even after she dies. If death should come in the form of a tragic accident, then her family will receive only half the legal compensation that would be due for the loss of a man.
Dating American-Iranian singles: meet someone amazing!
To do this, a random sample of normal men aged between 20 and 40 years underwent tape measurements of penile dimensions in the stretched state under the same condition.
IDA and 77 non-IDA) with age 18–45 in Mahshahr, Iran were recruited. average sexual satisfaction (76–), and high sexual satisfaction.
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‘White marriage’ a growing trend for young couples in Iran
The Ira trench, were divided into 6 packages I to VI , described, according to their composition, relative and absolute ages. Package I consists of units 23, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30 and Therefore, finding accurate ages for the units of this package is very important. Three colluvial wedges units 23, 26, 28 are present between 20 and
Iran may be considered an interesting cultural context for studying human mating On the other hand, women, on average, consider the age period between Sexual openness may be a marker of weaker religious attitudes.
Despite cultural and religious prohibitions against premarital heterosexual relationships and intimacy, some recent evidence suggests some rise in premarital heterosexual interactions and relationships among young people. On the other hand, although HIV in Iran is a concentrated epidemic and mainly reported among high risk groups such as injecting drug users IDUs , but there are evidences that the mode of transmission is shifting towards sexual contacts.
This paper was prepared with the aim of highlighting how gender contributes to variation in reproductive health needs and conduct of young people in Iran. This paper is based on a secondary analysis and compares comparable reproductive beliefs and conducts of women and men based on the data of two surveys conducted in Tehran in and A survey among adolescent males and another survey among female undergraduate students in four multidisciplinary universities in Tehran.
Both surveys used anonymous self-administered questionnaires. To make the two samples comparable, the data of unmarried female university undergraduate students who resided in Tehran were merged with the data of adolescent male students who intended to pursue higher education. Common variables of the two surveys were identified, homogenized, merged and analysed.
Reproductive health knowledge among male adolescents was poor compared to that of their female peers. Although premarital friendships were moderately acceptable from view points of both males and females, the majority were against premarital sex, particularly among female participants. There were evidences of gender-based double standards in perceptions of premarital sexuality among both males and females; particularly, it was stronger among males than females.
They have tinder in iran
W ith nuclear negotiations between Iran and the United States at a possible turning point, quite a lot of attention has been focused on Iran in the past months. The regime, widely seen as radical, volatile, and irrationally militant, is trusted by few and liked by even fewer. The international community has been trying to remove the regime for nearly 40 years, seemingly to no avail. The average image of Iran in the eyes of the outside community is that of veiled women, backward beliefs, and strict autocratic oppression with little pushback.
Authorities worry that such sites encourage sex before marriage – illegal under Iran’s strict application of Sharia law – sometimes through.
Marriage before the age of 18 is a fundamental violation of human rights. While the practice is more common among girls than boys, it is a violation of rights regardless of sex. Although the impact on child grooms has not been extensively studied, marriage may similarly place boys in an adult role for which they are unprepared, and may place economic pressures on them and curtail their opportunities for further education or career advancement. When a couple cohabitates, the assumption is often that they are adults, even if one or both has not yet reached the age of Additional concerns due to the informality of the relationship — in terms of inheritance, citizenship and social recognition, for example — may make children in informal unions vulnerable in different ways than those who are formally married.
The issue of child marriage is addressed in a number of international conventions and agreements. Although marriage is not mentioned directly in the Convention on the Rights of the Child, child marriage is linked to other rights — such as the right to freedom of expression, the right to protection from all forms of abuse, and the right to be protected from harmful traditional practices — and is frequently addressed by the Committee on the Rights of the Child.
“We Are a Buried Generation”
In Iran, historically, establishing, maintaining, and continuing family units have been perpetuated through the development of strong ideals about marriage and reproduction that are integrated with Islamic values. Despite the long tradition of marriage as the foundation of both family and society, the data show there are declines in both the rate and the number of marriages. The popular belief among both laymen and social scientists is that, while there has been a decline in permanent marriages, there has been an increase in the number of what can be called temporary marriages.
Marriage before the age of 18 is a fundamental violation of human rights. Many factors interact to place a child at risk of marriage, including poverty, the.
Iron deficiency anemia IDA is a common micronutrient deficiency worldwide, and an important health problem especially in women of reproductive age. This study aimed to determine the relationship between IDA and sexual satisfaction and function among reproductive-aged Iranian women. Data were analyzed using an independent t-test, Mann-Whitney test, Chi-square, and correlation coefficient test. Health care providers should provide screening, education, and counseling about anemia and sexual function in reproductive age women.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Sexual dysfunction is defined as a disorder in the sexual response cycle or pain during sexual intercourse [ 1 ]. According to a national survey conducted in Iran, Female sexual dysfunction can affect the general health and quality of life [ 5 ]. Several factors can cause sexual dysfunction in women, including general health status, psychological disorders, chronic diseases, individual and social factors [ 6 ].
Also, other factors such as urinary incontinence [ 7 ], metabolic syndrome [ 8 ], chronic renal failure [ 9 ], substance abuse [ 10 ], and some behavioral disorders [ 11 ] may affect sexual function in women. Iron deficiency anemia is one of the most common forms of malnutrition. Thirty to fifty percent of worldwide anemia is attributed to iron deficiency [ 12 ].
Nursing & Care Open Access Journal
Iran is one of the oldest nations in the world, with a history dating back tens of thousands of years. It has been officially known as the Islamic Republic of Iran since the overthrow of the Shah in Iran is a Shiite Muslim country, but the majority of its people are Persian, not Arab.
Ira trench site is in a point where, the surface trace of North Tehran 2 Optically-Stimulated Luminescence (Osl) Dating of the IRA4 and IRA8 The CAM provided average ages close to large aliquots for all four samples.
Michael Richards does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. France is considering changing its legal age of consent so that sex before the age of 15 is automatically considered rape after recent child sex cases raised serious concerns.
At the moment, prosecutors have to prove that the underage sex was non-consensual to obtain a rape conviction. The change is being proposed as a way to tackle issues with the laws in France that mean if no violence or coercion has taken place or been proved, offenders can only be charged with sexual abuse and not rape. In fact, sentences of this nature are the same for sexual assaults of minors and non-minors.
The debate around the age of consent is still as relevant and as serious as it ever was. In the UK, the age of consent is